US goes to war with IS as bombing campaign starts with Syria missile strikes
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The United States has told the United Nations that it led airstrikes against Islamic State militants in Syria because President Bashar al-Assad's government had failed to wipe out safe havens used by the group to launch attacks on Iraq.
In a letter to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, US Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power wrote: "The Syrian regime has shown that it cannot and will not confront these safe havens effectively itself."
The strikes were needed to eliminate a threat to Iraq, the US and its allies, she wrote, citing Article 51 of the UN Charter, which covers an individual or collective right to self-defence against armed attack.
"States must be able to defend themselves... when, as is the case here, the government of the state where the threat is located is unwilling or unable to prevent the use of its territory for such attacks," Power wrote in the letter.
"Accordingly, the United States has initiated necessary and proportionate military actions in Syria in order to eliminate the ongoing (Islamic State) threat to Iraq," she wrote, adding that action was taken also against al Qaeda elements in Syria known as Khorasan "to address terrorist threats that they pose to the United States and our partners and allies."
Ban circulated the letter to the UN Security Council, diplomats said. Under Article 51, the 15-member body must immediately be informed of any action states take in self-defense.
The US and Arab allies bombed Syria for the first time yesteray, killing scores of Islamic State fighters and members of a separate al Qaeda-linked group, opening a new front against militants by joining Syria's three-year-old civil war.
Syria's UN Ambassador Bashar Ja'afari said that Power informed him in person of imminent US and Arab airstrikes against Islamic State targets on Syrian territory just hours beforehand.
"We're in close coordination with Iraq," Ja'afari said. The US mission confirmed that Power had informed Ja'afari.
Iraq notified the Security Council in a letter on Saturday of its request for the US to lead efforts to strike Islamic State strongholds because, it said, a safe haven for the militants in Syria had made its border "impossible to defend."
In the letter, Iraqi Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari wrote that the safe haven for the radical Sunni Muslim group outside Iraq's borders was "a direct threat to the security of our people and territory." His letter did not identify Syria by name.
Power wrote that the Iraqi government asked the United States "to lead international efforts to strike (Islamic State) sites and military strongholds in Syria in order to end the continuing attacks on Iraq."