Gridlocked Dublin 14th in list of world's most congested cities
Dublin is now the 14th most congested city in the world - and the sixth worst in Europe - a global survey has shown.
The TomTom Traffic Index, which studied traffic in 403 cities in 56 countries, paints a grim picture of how long it takes to get around in the Irish capital.
Cork ranks as the second most congested city in the country - and the 70th worldwide. Limerick comes third in the congestion stakes nationally and 94th worldwide.
The findings of the annual survey will focus renewed attention on how we deal with our clogged streets amid the potential cost to our health from higher levels of emissions and to businesses from long delays.
Expert comment on the index estimates gridlock in the Dublin region costs €350m a year.
It cites predictions that the bill could rise to €2bn by 2033 if measures are not taken to successfully tackle the problem.
Such an undertaking appears even more daunting because, despite measures to reduce congestion, Dublin's gridlock worsened marginally - by 1pc - last year, according to the index.
That was enough to edge it up by one place from 15th to become the 14th most congested city in the world in 2018.
The index claims that drivers in Dublin are spending an average of 45pc more time travelling in traffic than they should have under more normal circumstances.
It also identifies the five most traffic-jammed roads in the Dublin area last year.
They were Dorset Street Lower/Dorset Street Upper; Drumcondra Road Lower/Drumcondra Road Upper; Church Street/Church Street Upper; Grove Road/Clanbrassil Street Upper; and Crumlin Road.
It said the slowest day for traffic in the Dublin area last year was November 9.
That was most likely caused by long delays on the M50 after a truck burst into flames.
The day with the least traffic congestion was January 1.
Head of navigation at TomTom, Heiko Schilling, said Dublin is in many ways a "victim of its own success".
"The city has experienced a major growth in population and employment, much of it in or near the city centre," he said.
"In spite of investment in new road and rail infrastructure, busways and bikeways, congestion remains stubbornly high."
He said the results show "there's still a lot of work to be done".
Mumbai in India is the world's most-congested city.