Norway recalls Breivik massacre
Norway's Prime Minister Erna Solberg was among those attending memorial services as the nation marked the third anniversary of its bloodiest peace-time massacre.
Mourners gathered at Oslo's Cathedral yesterday to recall the attacks carried out by Anders Breivik (inset) in 2011.
The 35-year-old detonated a bomb outside former prime minister Jens Stoltenberg's office, killing eight people, before sailing to the island of Utoeya to gun down 69 members of the Labour Party's youth faction.
"Being better prepared is essential to limit our vulnerability," Solberg said in a speech outside the office that was bombed. "We never thought something like this could happen, but being aware of our vulnerability means Norway is stronger now."
Breivik, who is serving a 21-year prison sentence, is pursuing a degree in political science from his cell. His term can be extended if a court decides he still poses a threat to society.
In a 1,500-page manifesto Breivik posted online before the killings, he said they were part of his crusade against the "cultural Marxism" and "Islamisation" of Europe.
Criminals in what Norway calls preventative detention cost 1.2m kroner (€143,000) a year, while Breivik's expenses are an additional 6.7m kroner because of special security measures.