herald

Sunday 4 December 2016

Breast cancer rates in Dublin are higher than expected

Health

Breast cancer
Breast cancer

Cancer rates in Dublin are significantly higher than expected.

Lung cancer and breast cancer were found to be "significantly high" in the capital in a study of how cancer rates vary across the country.

Wicklow was the only county in Leinster to have significantly high prostate cancer rates, along with Cork, Galway, Mayo, Roscommon and Sligo.

Only Dublin and Cork were found to have significantly high female breast cancer rates in Ireland.

Four counties have significantly high lung cancer rates and all of them are in Leinster - Dublin, Kildare, Louth and Carlow.

The regional differences in rates of the disease emerged in a new 26-county map compiled by the National Cancer Registry, which monitored rates between 1994 and 2012.

The risk of non-melanoma skin cancer was found to be higher than normal in Dublin, Wicklow, Cork and Kerry.

The risk of bowel cancer was found to be higher than normal in Dublin and Cork.

Wicklow was the only county where the risk of cervical cancer was found to be higher than normal. The risk of leukaemia was found to be higher than normal in Kildare, Wicklow, Limerick, Cork and Westmeath.

Overall, Dublin's population would be expected to have an annual average of 4,189 cases of invasive cancers, but the actual observed average was 4,423 cases.

More than 122,000 people in Ireland are living with cancer and, of these, 94,000 are still living 10 years after first being diagnosed.

"There are a number of factors that can go towards explaining the difference in cancer rates between counties," said Dr Robert O'Connor of the Irish Cancer Society.

"Population age, urban health behavioural patterns and socioeconomic differences are some."

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